Imagine that you are a researcher and are conducting a study to investigate a community problem. Using behavioral research principles, select a macro systems problem to investigate (there are many suggested in the textbook, e.g. domestic violence, homophobia, sexual abuse, delinquent gangs) and design a study to solve this community problem.

The purpose of your Final Paper is to solve this community problem.

The Final Paper should be eight- to- ten pages (excluding title and reference pages) that includes the following components:

(Please note that for the purposes of offering instruction, examples have been given below about a research study involving the use of financial reward programs to combat truancy. Please make sure that you create a study that does not investigate the same content.)

Introduction – This section should include a brief summary of the community problem that will be addressed, as well as the approach that will be used to investigate and solve the problem.

Statement of the problem – The purpose of this section is to specify the main research question (e.g., Does enrollment in a financial reward program reduce truancy?) and define the community problem in more depth (e.g., truancy), analyzing why it is a problem. In addition, you will explain the problem-solving method you plan to employ (e.g., enrollment in a financial reward program) and state your main hypothesis. (e.g., Enrollment in a financial reward program is expected to reduce student truancy in the short term, but its long-term effects are difficult to predict.)

Literature Review – In this section, research findings pertaining to both the community problem and problem solving method need to be illustrated. (e.g., Relevant articles may include those on the prevalence of truancy, the impact of truancy, previous methods used to combat truancy, and the benefits of financial reward programs.)

Methodology – Explain how your Final Paper will investigate the problem. How will the study be designed? How many participants will be involved in the study and how will they be recruited? (e.g., Four classes at a local high school will be given the opportunity to participate in the research study. Two of these classes will be enrolled in the financial reward program.) How will data be collected? (e.g., Truancy data will be collected on all of the participants for the six months preceding the reward program, for the duration of the program, and for the six months after completion of the reward program.) What statistics will be used to evaluate the data? (e.g., Inferential statistics will be conducted to compare the truancy levels of the group of students participating in the program with those of the group of students who are not participating in the program.) Ethical considerations should be discussed to ensure that no unethical research is suggested.

Conclusions – This section should contain concluding remarks about any potential problems that might be encountered in conducting this research study. It should also include speculations on the potential results of the study.

Writing the Final Paper

The Final Paper:

Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Must include a title page with the following:

Title of paper

Student’s name

Course name and number

Instructor’s name

Date submitted

Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.

Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.

Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.

Must be plagiarism free

Must use at least five scholarly sources, including a minimum of three from the Ashford Online Library.

Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

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Description:
Total Possible Score: 25.00

Distinguished – Thoroughly examines a system problem that is at a macro level including a problem-solving approach that is scientific and rational and a statement of the problem that develops into an appropriate, specific research question and hypothesis.

Proficient – Examines a system problem that is at a macro level including a problem-solving approach that is mostly

scientific and rational and a statement of the problem that develops into an appropriate research question and hypothesis.

Minor details are missing.

Basic – Minimally examines a system problem that is at a macro level including a problem-solving approach that is

somewhat scientific and rational and a statement of the problem that develops into a limited research question and

hypothesis. Relevant details are missing.

Below Expectations – Attempts to examine a system problem that is at a macro level including a problem-solving approach that is scientific and rational and a statement of the problem that develops into an appropriate research question and hypothesis; however, significant details are missing.

Non-Performance – The examination of a system problem that is at a macro level including a problem-solving approach that is mostly scientific and rational and a statement of the problem that develops into an appropriate research question and hypothesis is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the assignment instructions.

Distinguished – Thorough explanation of the problem and proposed problem solving method are fully supported through evidence-based research results.

Proficient – An explanation of the problem and proposed problem solving method are supported through some evidencebased research results. Minor details are missing.

Basic – A general explanation of the problem and proposed problem-solving method are presented and somewhat

supported with evidence-based research results. Relevant details are missing.

Below Expectations – The explanation of the problem and proposed problem solving method are not supported with

evidence-based research results. Significant details are missing.

Non-Performance – The literature review is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the assignment

instructions.

Distinguished – Develops a thorough plan for conducting the research project including all the following: type of research design, recruitment of participants, data collection (e.g., what instruments would be used), and data analysis (what precise statistical tests would be used to test what variables).

Proficient – Develops a plan for conducting the research project including most of the following: type of research design, recruitment of participants, data collection (e.g., what instruments would be used), and data analysis (what precise statistical tests would be used to test what variables). The methodology is slightly underdeveloped.

Basic – Develops a limited plan for conducting the research project including some of the following: type of research design, recruitment of participants, data collection (e.g., what instruments would be used), and data analysis (what precise statistical tests would be used to test what variables). The methodology is underdeveloped.

Below Expectations – Attempts to develop a plan for conducting the research project including some of the following: type of ABS497.W5A1.05.2018

Examines Macro Systems Problem Total: 7.00

Literature Review Total: 7.00

Methodology Total: 7.00

research design, recruitment of participants, data collection (e.g., what instruments would be used), and data analysis (what

precise statistical tests would be used to test what variables); however, the methodology is significantly underdeveloped.

Non-Performance – The methodology is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the assignment

instructions.

Distinguished -Adapts and employs, independently, skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation to

new situations. Solving difficult problems or exploring complex issues in original ways.

Proficient – Utilizes skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation to new situations, contributing to an

understanding of problems or issues.

Basic – Attempts to utilize, in a basic way, skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation, in a new

situation.

Below Expectations – Attempts to utilize, in a basic way, skills, abilities, theories, or methodologies gained in one situation in

a new situation. Such attempts may be ineffective.

Non-Performance – The assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.

Distinguished – Conclusions and related outcomes are logical and clearly reflect student’s informed evaluation and ability to

place evidence and perspectives discussed in priority order.

Proficient -Conclusions and related outcomes are logical and reflect student’s informed evaluation and ability to place

evidence and perspectives discussed in priority order.

Basic – Conclusions and related outcomes are identified and minimally reflect student’s informed evaluation and ability to

place evidence and perspectives discussed in priority order.

Below Expectations – Conclusions and related outcomes are not logical or reflective of student’s informed evaluation and

ability to place evidence and perspectives discussed in priority order.

Non-Performance – The assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.

Distinguished – Uses appropriate, pertinent, and persuasive content to discover and develop sophisticated ideas within the

context of the discipline, shaping the work.

Proficient – Uses appropriate and pertinent content to discover ideas within the context of the discipline, shaping the work.

Basic – Uses appropriate and pertinent content, but does not apply it toward discovering or developing ideas. Overall,

content assists in shaping the written work.

Below Expectations -Uses content, though it may be unrelated or inappropriate to the topic. Content does not contribute

toward the development of the written work, and may distract the reader from its purpose.

Non-Performance – The assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.

Distinguished – Displays meticulous comprehension and organization of syntax and mechanics, such as spelling and

grammar. Written work contains no errors, and is very easy to understand.

Proficient – Displays comprehension and organization of syntax and mechanics, such as spelling and grammar. Written

work contains only a few minor errors, and is mostly easy to understand.

Basic – Displays basic comprehension of syntax and mechanics, such as spelling and grammar. Written work contains a few

errors, which may slightly distract the reader.

Integrated Learning: Transfer Total: 0.75

Critical Thinking: Conclusions and Related Outcomes Total: 0.75

Written Communication: Content Development Total: 0.50

Written Communication: Control of Syntax and Mechanics Total: 0.50

Below Expectations – Fails to display basic comprehension of syntax or mechanics, such as spelling and grammar. Written

work contains major errors, which distract the reader.

Non-Performance – The assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.

Distinguished – Accurately uses APA formatting consistently throughout the paper, title and reference page.

Proficient – Exhibits APA formatting throughout the paper. However, layout contains a few minor errors.

Basic – Exhibits basic knowledge of APA formatting throughout the paper. However, layout does not meet all APA

requirements.

Below Expectations – Fails to exhibit basic knowledge of APA formatting. There are frequent errors making the layout

difficult to distinguish as APA.

Non-Performance – The assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.

Distinguished – The paper meets the specific page requirement stipulated in the assignment description.

Proficient – The paper closely meets the page requirements stipulated in the assignment description.

Basic – The paper meets over half of the page requirement.

Below Expectations – A fraction of the page requirement is completed.

Non-Performance – The assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.

Distinguished – Provides ample resources and uses the correct amount of sources from the specified search agents.

Proficient – Provides the approximate number of sources, while using some of the correct search agents specified in the

assignment instructions.

Basic – Provides over half of the sources required in the assignment instructions.

Below Expectations – Provides inadequate number of resources and does not include sources from specified search

agents.

Non-Performance – The assignment is either non-existent or lacks the components described in the instructions

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Solving Community Issue on Domestic Violence

Effectiveness of Education and Awareness Programs on Domestic Violence

Introduction

Domestic violence, which can also be referred to as intimidate partner abuse, is the purposeful terrorizing, physical, sexual, verbal, and other activities that are dangerous towards one’s accomplice to pick up control or force. Aggressive behavior at home has no particular age, sex, religion, or sexual direction; it happens all over and impacts many individuals on a daily bases. Poor countries with weal legal structures have high cases of domestic violence. Usually, there are individuals that would report abused by their partners in the United States while others fear of stigma from the community. The idea behind this is ordinarily proportional to more than ten to twelve million residential casualties per year. Domestic violence in America represents 17% of brutal crimes (Strong, Rantala & Kyckelhahn, 2016). Being engaged in domestic violence can prompt physical wellbeing, psychological wellbeing issues, and present acute and chronic medical issues. Therefore, research need to call attention to approaches useful in addressing domestic violence situations, the reasons and impacts of abusive behavior at home, and the various ways emergency instructors can help the victims in these difficult circumstances. This research paper will embark on studying domestic violence as community problem in California, and then offer a study that will measure the effect of education and awareness programs on the reduction of domestic violence cases.

Statement of Problem

The main research question in this research is whether or not education and awareness programs have an impactin the reduction of domestic violence cases. Gender violence against women and other marginalized groups generally remains a global issue that torments and maims people physically, mentally, sexually, and monetarily. It is one of the unavoidable human rights infringements, denying equal rights to women, security, respect, self-worth, and their rights to enjoy critical opportunities. It is, therefore, necessary to address this issue altogether to avoid cases of deaths, divorce, and separations happening in California homes today. It has been documented that proper creation of awareness and education on the subject matter will help combat the issue of domestic violence. This will help family members notice the actual vice occurring and help avoid it. They will also be notified of what to do in case it happens.

Literature Review

America has the most announced instances of domestic violence. Abusive behavior at home isn’t just physical maltreatment. There is sexual maltreatment, psychological mistreatment, and physiological maltreatment (Scott et. al., 2017). In cases where an individual is experiencing aggressive behavior at home, the individual lives every day without hope of the traumatic condition ever ending. Most evident domestic violence is against women and children although in some situations, it is against men. A great increase in domestic violence cases is worrying yet there are policies that are against the behavior. As a result this subject has troubled researchers for long. Countries have been making laws aimed at combatting domestic violence. Most of the enacted laws look into domestic issues that affect women and children. Most of these countries hold that domestic violence is intimidating and coercive. Consequently, nations are moving with speed to handle domestic violence effectively. Austere enforcement laws and process for order restraint are being improved to address the vice.

Agencies that handle Domestic violence and child welfare have been compelled to restructure their plans to ensure effective social services. The constitution of the United States of America forbids anyone from threatening, attacking and pestering a family member. In this case a family member includes relative, child, a person residing or cohabiting a particular home, and spouses (married, dating or separated). The United States reports over half a million cases of domestic violence every year. Ideally, 35.6% of women and 28.5% of men are vulnerable to domestic violence physically, through rape and stalking of the intimidate partners (Choudhry & Herring, 2017). The higher rates of domestic violence are directed to the young, particularly eighteen to thirty years of age, females, racial and ethnic minorities, and those low in terms of income (Strong, Rantala & Kyckelhahn, 2016).

According to Reaves (2017), there are many other cases of domestic violence that go unreported. Over 2000 people lose their lives as a result of domestic violence. Some homes that possess firearms have been linked with homicides. Affected families allege that if the community was involved, cases of domestic violence could be addressed better. The community would offer psychological, social and economic support. Affected households would be able to receive counseling. The issue of aggressive behavior at home is sensitive and requires mentally sound and ethical participants.

Generally, the studies have pointed out that domestic violence presents both short term and long-term effects on health. For instance, through injuries, chronic health, mental issues, and drug and substance abuse issues, among other behaviors which are risky to one’s health. Accordingly, there is a complexity in the relationship between domestic violence, conditions of mental health, and health risk behaviors as well as socio-economic stressors. Consequently, victims of domestic violence often show mental health issues and increased rates of drug and alcoholism. Contrary, the psychological victims present incredibly higher prevalence when it comes to lifetime abuse, and women with disorders associated with substance abuse are most vulnerable to domestic violence.

 

Methodology

The best data collection method that will take note of all aspects in the study area or subject will come a long way in developing actions that will reduce incidences of domestic violence (Torgo, 2016). Therefore, qualitative research method is the most suitable technique to employ since the responses will be in form of interview transcripts and text data. This data will help determine the reasons, explanations and provide insight on the problem. All data collected will be analyzed objectively. Participants ought to be committed to actualize the research objectives. A thorough study on the subject matter would help community in California make the best use of the data collected to design an intervention plan that will reduce domestic violence and help victims of the vice. Ethical considerations together with reliable data would warrant an authentic process and a smooth progression of studying the issue further.

The design of this research will be one inform of a case study. Case studies are used in research that perform an in-depth study and research on a particular situation or problem in order to better understand it (Torgo, 2016). Therefore, this will entail collection of data and information pertaining to the participants’ views, experience and perceptions on domestic violence. Developing an intervention plan to reduce domestic violence incidents is the top priority for any community, state or country. Since the society/community has been nominally used, it will be involved further to collect sufficient and reliable data. Families, being the principal unit in a community and the mostly affected, will be the study population. It is imperative to structure a research technique that attempts to discover data that is reliable and is useful to the subsequent research processes. Society must be associated with the fight on this vice since more and more families are being affected. There ought to be causal reasons associated with domestic violence in California.

More than one kind of information gathering procedure will be used.in this case observation, interviews and questionnaires. The information accumulated will be objectively used, being that the data coincides with the technique employed. Researcher will, at that point, have the option to take a look at the information collected through the procedure, before and after the program, and afterwards decide whether the technique compromised credibility or worthiness of the information. The results will be assembled into a far-reaching assessment that can be given to figuratively in California. Education proposals suitable for the addressing domestic violence will be made.

Being aware of the circumstance of domestic violence can be effective when there are a few issues that hinder the procedure. Effectively identifying the problems would mean offering social insurance for the victims in California, counselling abusers at no or little expense, and covering cost for the abused in seeking lawful interventions and sanctions against their abusers. In this case, considering the ethical issues is significant. The rights and poise of the two groups must be thought of and regarded and protection issues ought to be paid attention to (Choudhry & Herring, 2017). Early recognition of any problems concerning protection and deception is essential to save the rights and consider the gatherings while attempting to support the person in question and increase vital data. An investigation that exceeds these limits would not be perceived as substantial, and any information acquired along these lines would not be valuable to the network or for any further research.

Study population      

In this case, the participants will be a group of 40 adults aged between 20 years to 45 years. The group consists of couples, relatives, those who are cohabiting and neighbours. The education program will be done in one of the county social halls that can hold a minimum of 100 people. This study population will include community members who have had experiences in the domestic violence whether themselves or have had neighbors or families involved. This will help determine the prior knowledge before the program so as to know how to effectively address the issues in the program.

Metrics of performance measure    

Evaluation activities ought to consider the best assortment strategies so that appropriate information can be gathering. The effectiveness of the education and awareness program will be measured by comparison to their state of mind before the program was administered. Therefore, inferential statistics will be used to determine the level of understanding on the subject matter between the two groups. Pre-program and post-program questionnaires and interviews will be administered. The responses of these two tests will help gauge the effectiveness of the educational program. Aggregated information will be evaluated considering the sensitivity issues cautiously and contemplating the procedure altogether. The developmental technique will be used while recording any data got during the procedure of research and information assortment. The assessment of the information will uphold research results through this methodology, which utilizes convincing proof during the whole research process (Scott et al., 2017).

Ethical considerations

Ethical considerations must be adhered to in order to ensure that there is no violation of human rights. Firstly, the informed consent of victims just as their voluntary cooperation is essential to the achievement of a study on domestic violence in California. The families or participants involved will give their firsthand experience on the issue of domestic violence and it is important to ensure that these participants give a true view of their experiences. Therefore, they need to understand the risks involved in the study if any and willingly give their consent in participating in the research. This will ensure that the conclusions made from the research are a true representation of the whats happening on the ground and in our society.

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Another ethical consideration is in the form of protecting the confidentiality of the study population. The names of the participants will be held in secret and no exposure of their names and identities will be given to third parties. The participants will know that whatever information they provide will not be used for issues apart from furthering the research on domestic violence. This will ensure that they give their honest opinion on the matter. The information obtained will provide insight on domestic violence and will be used to form conclusions on how best to deal with domestic violence.

Lastly, since this will be a study on vulnerable group of people in the society, it’s important to ensure that their rights are not violated during the research. Initial analysis of the potential dangers and benefits of the research will be done to ensure that no harm comes to them. Their identity will not be disclosed. This research will help formulate policies and rules that will help safeguard them from domestic violence and to take action whenever the vice occurs.

Conclusion

It is clear that domestic violence is broadly pervasive and a primary medical problem with both short-term and long term health impacts, inclusive of injuries and incessant wellbeing, emotional wellness, and substance abuse conditions. Domestic violence affects survivors as well as their families, specifically children who witness the immoral behaviour. Research reveals the intricacy of the connections between domestic violence, psychological health results, patterns of drug abuse, and other financial stressors. Victims of domestic abuse are characterized with loneliness and low self-esteem. The best way the government can address domestic violence is by tightening laws, engaging non-governmental organizations in education and the society playing their part. Additionally, the approach requires the courts to change the way cases of domestic violence are handled. Most divorces are attributable to claims of aggressive behavior at home. Abused persons stick to unhealthy relationships because they are threatened, they want to take care of their young children or fear they might lack shelter after leaving. Domestic violence is widely spread around the whole world. The vice is even worse in developing countries with weak legal structures. Effects of Domestic violence are extensive. All ethical groups, cultures, ages, social and economic statuses experience the iniquity. However, traditional reliance on social service/welfare agencies should be backed up by the community to stop domestic abuse.

 

References

Bloom, B. E., & Tavrow, P. (2018). Are Primary Care Clinicians Serving Low-Income Patients More Likely to Screen for Domestic Violence? Journal of community and preventive medicine1(2), 1-8.

Choudhry, S., & Herring, J. (2017). Righting domestic violence. In Marital Rights (pp. 71-96). Routledge.

Esfandiari, H. (2017). A PLAY THERAPY WORKSHOP FOR CHIDREN WITNESS TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

Johnson, M. P. (2016). Conflict and Control: Symmetry and Asymmetry in Domestic Violence. In Couples in conflict (pp. 125-134). Routledge.

Ribeiro, E., Felizardo, S., Novo, R., Prada, A. R. R., & Magalhães, C. (2018). Contributions to training in social education: solving conflicts in dating and empathy. In International Psychological Applications Conference Trends (pp. 411-414). InScience Press.

Scott, K., Heslop, L., David, R., & Kelly, T. (2017). Justice-linked domestic violence intervention services: Description and analysis of practices across Canada. In Innovations in Interventions to Address Intimate Partner Violence (pp. 51-74). Routledge.

Strong, S. M., Rantala, R. R., & Kyckelhahn, T. (2016). Census of problem-solving courts, 2012. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Reaves, B. A. (2017). Police response to domestic violence, 2006-2015. US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Torgo, L. (2016). Data mining with R: learning with case studies. CRC press.

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